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Fascism

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The Italian name of the movement, fascismo, is derived from fascio, 'bundle, (political) group', but also refers to the movement's emblem, the fasces, a bundle of rods bound around a projecting axe-head that was carried before an ancient Roman magistrate by an attendant as a symbol of authority and power. The name of Mussolini's group of revolutionaries was soon used for similar nationalistic movements in other countries that sought to gain power through violence and ruthlessness such as National Socialism.
 - Answers.com

Doctrine; collection of concepts; and dictatorship by government of a country, often involving hostile nationalistic attitudes, racism, and private economic ownership under rigid government control. A fascist regime is often militarily belligerent.
 - Business Dictionary

Extreme right-wing, authoritarian, or intolerant views or practice. Fascism tends to include a belief in the supremacy of one national or ethnic group, a contempt for democracy, an insistence on obedience to a powerful leader, and a strong demagogic approach.
 - US Military Dictionary

Today the term fascist is used loosely to refer to military dictatorships as well as governments or individuals that profess racism and that act in an arbitrary high-handed manner.
 - History Dictionary

Genuinely fascist ideologies are monist - based on the notion there are fundamental and basic truths about humanity and the environment which do not admit to question; simplistic - ascribing complex phenomena to single causes and advancing single remedies; fundamentalist - dividing the world into 'good' and 'bad' with nothing in between; and conspiratorial - predicated on the existence of a secret world-wide conspiracy by a hostile group seeking to achieve and/or maintain a dominant position.
 - Political Dictionary

Philosophy of government that stresses the primacy and glory of the state, unquestioning obedience to its leader, subordination of the individual will to the state's authority, and harsh suppression of dissent.
 - Britannica Concise Encyclopædia

Salvation is effected only by an authoritarian leader. This is closely linked with fascism's rejection of reason and intelligence.
 - Columbia Encyclopedia

Fascism, especially in its early stages, is obliged to be antitheoretical and frankly opportunistic in order to appeal to many diverse groups.
 - Columbia Encyclopedia

Whilst socialism (particularly Marxism) came into existence as a clearly formulated theory or program based on a specific interpretation of history, fascism introduced no systematic exposition of its ideology or purpose other than a negative reaction against socialist and democratic egalitarianism. The growth of democratic ideology and popular participation in politics in the 19th century was terrifying to some conservative elements in European society and fascism grew out of the attempt to counter it by forming mass parties based largely on the middle classes and the petty bourgeoisie, exploiting their fear of political domination by the lower classes.
 - Columbia Encyclopedia

Appealing to the masses and especially the lower middle class through demagogic promises of order and social justice, the fascists could depend upon support, financial and otherwise, from vested interests, who could not muster such popularity themselves.
 - Columbia Encyclopedia

Translation: big money people rule but they need popular demagogues to represent them.

Fascism Quotes

Fascism is capitalism plus murder.

Fascism is nothing but capitalist reaction.

What the fascists hate above all else is intelligence.

Fascism is a counterrevolution against a revolution that never took place.

Fascism is revenge against suppression or the illusory memory of suppression.

Fascism has rarely been a popular form of government amongst those ruled by it.

Fascism is not defined by the number of its victims but by the way it kills them.

Fascism is a way of knowing everything - history, the State, the achievement of the proletarianisation of public life, a new way of knowing the phenomena of our epoch.

Fascism is the direct and immediate cause of the second world war, the most destructive act to ever be inflicted on the planet by homo sapiens, the aftermath of the total destruction of infrastructure, and the staggering loss of 70 million lives whereof two thirds were civilians.

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